Lately, people have been more aware of the earth and the life that inhabits it. For example, social media is being flooded now more than ever with pictures and videos of animal cruelty to raise awareness. Raw vegan diets are being promoted and climate crisis is being brought to the public’s attention. Why is that? Perhaps we are running thin on the luxury of acting carelessly and our planet is starting to suffer the consequences of human action.
The problem today is that although people may be aware of the consequences of their actions on the environment, they believe they will not be alive long enough to see what will be the end result. This is why so much damage has been done and is still occurring today. Climate change such as global warming is a real issue and we are starting to see how it currently effects the life many of us are alive to see today. What will this mean for our future generations? Do we care what happens to our future generations?
I believe we have a moral obligation to protect the future of a planet in peril. There is no such thing as a perfect world, but I believe if governments and businesses can put aside their hunger for profit and we come together as global community we can not only help those who are in danger, but also help the future generations to come. We can instill these same values in our future generations and keep this prosperous cycle going. Businesses will still be able to profit because by helping these people, in return they will get their support and loyalty. We do not take into consideration the harmful effects of global warming because we take for granted regions who possess colder climates. Sheila Watt-Cloutier raises the question, “Is it not because people have lost that connection between themselves and their neighbors, between their actions and the environment, that we are debating this issue of climate change in the first place? (p. 29). It is true the global community has lost its connection with one another, but it is also their responsibility to reestablish it.
Although water.org isn’t involved in Nicaragua, that does not mean there aren’t current environmental issues that are occurring. Nicaragua is classified as the largest nation in Central American and has been deemed the nickname “the land of lakes and volcanoes”. Nicaragua is known for its rain forests, highlands, and fertile area where farming is often done. The economy is heavily based on agriculture because crops are grown for export. After reading these facts, you may not think Nicaragua experiences any land, resource, or environmental issues, but unfortunately that is not the case.
Deforestation is an ongoing issue in the region. Businesses are clearing trees in forests for non-environmental purposes. In addition, water pollution and soil erosion are also ongoing issues. The fishing industry has been heavily impacted due to water pollution; therefore, the economy will face its challenges. (http://www.countriesquest.com/central_america/nicaragua/land_and_resources/environmental_issues.htm)
Due to its size, Nicaragua has potential to administer laws that will protect and conserve their resources. Unfortunately, there are greater powers that are supporting deforestation, which essentially results in other issues such as pollution. The government is regulating the conversion of forests to land used for commercial purposes. This is resulting in a severe impact on the surrounding environment. The size of the region is being exploited and harmed at the same time. As it was previously mentioned, Nicaragua is known as the “land of lakes and volcanoes”. This is misleading because safe drinking water is not as readily available as it may seem. If one does not have the funds to afford safe drinking water, then the poor people are facing health risks from consuming polluted water, which essentially is a result of deforestation. It is said that three-fourths of Nicaragua’s forest population has been struck down and converted into land. If neighboring regions such as Honduras can lend a helping hand in preservation efforts, Nicaragua still has hope for improvement.
Another issues that hasn’t had much light shed on it is the use of pesticides. Pesticide usage is common on plantations that harvest fruit and cotton that are eventually used for export. A very large disadvantage Nicaragua has faced after using pesticides is the numerous health problems among the people who were forced to work within these conditions. (http://www.fsdinternational.org/country/nicaragua/envissues)
Currently, there are several groups that work closely in the region to improve sustainability. These groups such as interns and volunteers do a large range of things such as develop sustainable agriculture programs that recover soil and water, assisting farmers who you pesticides to convert to organic methods, provide knowledge to younger generations about leading a sustainable lifestyle, and also promoting the use of organic products beyond farms and forests.